Infosheet 7 – Making laws

Deciding to have sex with someone is a big decision. If you think that you are ready to have sex, it is important that you are aware of the different laws about how old you have to be to have sex, and to understand what the law means by sex. Before you have sex, you should talk to a health professional about how to practice safe sex and to make sure you are fully aware of the risks of practising unsafe sex. It is never okay for a person to have sex with another person who is under 12 years old. If you are aged years old, you can legally have sex with another person who is less than 2 years older than you as long as you both actively agree to it. Once you turn 16, you can legally have sex with another person who is also aged 16 years or older as long as you both actively agree to it.

Age of consent

The age of consent in Australia depends upon which state the person in question is in, whether the person is a male or female, and the nature of the sexual intercourse the person is engaged in. This can lead to a number of inconsistencies both between the states and between males and females. In addition, the Commonwealth Crimes Act also includes child sexual abuse offences, that rely on an age of consent. These are discussed in Part 3. The provisions in the New South Wales Crimes Act that rely on an age of consent are discussed in detail in Part 3.

Your legal rights and decision-making in regard to health care and personal decisions. 12 Preservation age is dependent on your date of birth, but usually.

If you require assistance or would like to talk to a trained professional about the issues described in this paper, please call Kids Helpline on 55 or Lifeline on 13 11 This document is provided as a guide only. Information is current up to the date of publication. Individuals are encouraged to check the currency of any information that is provided by contacting relevant departments or organisations.

This resource sheet is designed to inform practitioners and researchers about age of consent legislation in Australia. If you are a young person seeking advice on sexual relations please refer to some of the following websites:. Age of consent laws attempt to strike a balance between protecting children and young people from exploitation and other harms, and preserving their right to privacy and healthy sexual development.

Young people at the age of consent are viewed by law to have general sexual competence to enforce personal boundaries and negotiate the risks involved in sexual activities. When an adult engages in sexual behaviour with someone below the age of consent, they are committing a criminal offence child sexual abuse.

Who May Marry

Deciding to have sex with someone is a big decision. If you think that you are ready to have sex, it is important that you know what the law says about how old you have to be to be able to legally agree to have sex. Remember, it is never okay for someone to force you to have sex without your permission — you have the right to say no at any time.

The age of consent in Australia depends upon which state the person in Some argue that the function of the criminal law is to preserve public order and.

The laws about sexual matters set clear limits for having sex. If police want to question you about an offence, see a lawyer as soon as possible. In Western Australia, people under 16 years old cannot legally consent to having sex, even if they said ‘yes’ at the time. An example of this is the relationship between a teacher and a student, or a sports coach and a team member. To consent to having sex, a person needs to be old enough over the legal age of consent and must freely agree to the sexual activity.

Everyone who is old enough has the right to freely decide if they want to have sex or not. Someone who is drunk, drugged, unconscious or asleep can’t freely consent. If you have sex with someone who is unable to freely consent, this is sexual assault, which is a serious crime. Consent can be taken back at any time – it doesn’t matter if you’ve already started to have sex.

If one person no longer wants sexual activity, then you have to stop.

Children and family law

Kids across the nation are being taught slightly different things about sexual consent, sparking calls for a more united approach to the topic. The Australian Curriculum sets the expectations for what all young Australians should be taught, regardless of where they live — but decisions on how this is implemented, including teaching kids about consent, are made at a state level. He supports consent being taught as part of the core curriculum in all Australian schools. Many schools across Australia stop teaching kids about topics such as consent when they reach year 10, which Ms Bremner says are the years teenagers need these lessons the most.

Ms Bremner said by the time students got to university age, most of their ideas about respectful relationships and gender relationships were already formed.

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Should a person under the age of 18 years be permitted to acquire adult status in any circumstances? Its function is to undertake an examination of the law with a view to formulating proposals for reform. It is the Commission’s function:. The Attorney General requested the Commission in December to undertake an examination of, and conduct research into, the law relating to majority and, if though fit, to formulate proposals for its reform and submit them to him.

The age of majority referred to in the request means the age at which a person normally becomes an adult in law, i. Under the common law, as amended by the Infant’s Relief Act , a minor’s right to enter into binding contracts or obligations is restricted. Irrespective of his age a minor is liable for his torts to the same extent as an adult unless the existence of a particular intention or mental state or capacity is essential to liability for the tort in question.

See O’Brien v. McNamee [] I. Heuston,

What are the ages of sexual consent around the world?

Any sexual activity without your agreement is unlawful. The legal age for consent for having sex in Queensland is This strict age limit is in place to help protect you from harm. Find out more about when I can have sex.

Find out when you can have sex in Victoria, what consent means, and what happens if someone breaks the laws around the age of consent.

The law in Victoria sets clear age limits for when you can legally have sex. This is called the age of consent. A person can be charged with a sexual offence if they perform a sexual act that breaks these age limits, even if the younger person agrees to it. The age of consent for same-sex relationships is the same as it is for heterosexual relationships. If you are under 12, a person can’t have sex with you or touch you sexually or perform a sexual act in front of you, even if you agree.

However, it is not an offence if the person honestly believed that you were 16 or if there was less than a two-year age difference between you. This is exactly two years. For example, if a person is 17 and has sex with someone who is 15, it is not a crime. But if the person was 18, it is a crime unless the person believed the person was 16 or older. A person who is caring for you or supervising you, like a teacher, youth worker or foster carer, can’t have sex with you or sexually touch you or perform a sexual act or indecent act with you or in front of you, even if you agree, unless they are married to you.

Age of consent in Australia

Thank you for signing up. Sorry, it looks like an error occurred. France announced earlier this month it would make the age of sexual consent 15 after public outcry over two cases of sex involving year-old girls.

The right to marry under Australian law is no longer determined by sex or to collect and publish statistics on same-sex marriages from the date of this The median age at marriage for male same-sex couples as at 30 June.

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Ages of consent in Oceania

What is the age of consent in Australia? Either 16 or 17, depending where you live. In most states and territories in Australia the legal age of sexual consent is In South Australian and Tasmania it is

What the law says. It is a crime to have sexual intercourse with a person under the age of But you might have a defence if you are a similar.

Consensual sex is when both parties are of legal age, agree to engage in intercourse by choice, and have the freedom and capacity to make that choice. This means agreeing to sexual relations without fear, coercion, force or intimidation. Giving consent is active, not passive. In Western Australia, the legal age for males and females to consent to sexual activity is 16 years of age. If you have sex with someone who is under 16 years of age it is a crime.

It is also a crime to have a sexual relationship with someone under 18 years of age if you have a relationship of authority with them, for example, you are their teacher or employer. If someone is not able to give consent to sex, regardless of their age, it is a crime to have a sexual relationship with them.

Having sex and sexual offences

The ages of consent for sexual activity vary by jurisdiction across Australia , New Zealand and other parts of Oceania , ranging from age 15 to age The specific activity engaged in or the gender of its participants can also be affected by the law. Below is a discussion of the various laws dealing with this subject. The highlighted age refers to an age at or above which an individual can engage in unfettered sexual relations with another who is also at or above that age.

Close in age exceptions may exist and are noted when relevant. In Vanuatu the homosexual age of consent is set higher at 18, while the heterosexual age of consent is

In most states and territories in Australia the legal agent of sexual consent is In South Australian and Tasmania it is The reason for age.

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